Mukhisa Kituyi has an extensive background as an elected official, an academic, and a holder of high government office. He also has wide-ranging experience in trade negotiations, and in African and broader international economics and diplomacy. After receiving a BA in 1982, he went on to earn an MPhil in 1986 and a doctorate in 1989 from the University of Bergen, Norway. He was elected to the Kenyan Parliament in 1992, and was twice re-elected, serving as Kenya's Minister of Trade and Industry from 2002 to 2007. During this period, Dr. Kituyi chaired for two years the Council of Ministers of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the African Trade Ministers' Council. From 2008 to 2012, Dr. Kituyi was a member of a team of experts advising the presidents of the nations of the East African Community on how to establish more effective regional economic links. He was appointed United Nations Conference on Trade and Development's seventh Secretary-General on 1 September 2013.